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    盘点四大文明古国的文明成就

    [日期:2016-11-10] 来源:网络  作者:网络 [字体: ]

    中国

           世界最早的铜冶炼技术——陕西西安姜寨遗址冶炼黄铜(6700年前;4675±135B.C.)。

           世界最早的农业——江西万年县万年仙人洞遗址驯化水稻、栽培稻植硅石(1.2万年前)。

           世界最早的造船技术——浙江萧山跨湖桥遗址独木舟(8000年前)。

           世界最早的酿酒技术——河南舞阳贾湖遗址果酒沉淀物(9000年前)。

           世界最早的乐器——河南舞阳贾湖遗址骨笛(9000~8600年前)。

           世界最早的哲学著作——老子《道德经》(2500年前)。

           世界最早的军事学著作——孙武《孙子兵法》(2500年前)。

    两河流域

           世界最早的人类文明——两河城邦文明(6500年前~6000年前)。

           世界最早的文字——苏美尔人楔形文字(5200年前)。

           世界最早的城市——耶路撒冷附近的耶利哥城(8000年~1万年前);叙利亚首都大马士革(8000年~1万年前)。

           世界最早的冶炼实践——两河流域城邦金银矿石冶炼实验(7000年前)。

           世界最早的青铜冶炼技术——两河流域城邦青铜冶炼术(6000年前)。

           世界最早的铁冶炼技术——赫梯人冶铁术(3500年前)。

           世界最早的历法——苏美尔人太阴(月)历(具体时间不详,早于埃及太阳历;有说法认为其有5000年历史)。

           世界最早的系统宗教——犹太教(4000年前,与印度教并列)。

    古埃及

           世界早的统一王朝/帝国——美尼斯统一上下埃及建立埃及第一王朝(5100年前)。

           世界早的数学——古埃及数学(5200年前)。

           世界最早的几何——古埃及几何(5000年前)。

           世界最早的专用书写工具——芦苇笔、莎草纸(5000年前)

    印度河流域

           阿拉伯数字。

           世界最早的三角函数——出自《太阳悉檀多》(公元1世纪成品)。

           世界最早的日心说——出自《阿利耶毗陀论》(公元499年成品)。

           世界最早的系统宗教——印度教(4000年前,与犹太教并列)。

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